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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志源(2008)。體驗行銷要素、體驗價值與涉入程度對中華職棒觀眾再購意願之影響。國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文。未出版,台北市。
  2. 林千源(2003)。台灣球迷對棒球的情感與認同─以2001年世界盃棒球賽中華對日本之季軍賽為例。體育學報,35,167-177。
  3. 高立學(2009)。運動彩券購買與運動觀賞。休閒運動期刊,8,29-36。
  4. 張凱翔(2008)。臺灣棒球運動的發展與回顧。臺中教育大學體育學系系刊,3,130-136。
  5. 郭同堯(2009)。籃球運動專業化與籃球比賽觀賞動機及觀賞行為。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,臺中縣。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅淑燕(2015)。香港業餘戲劇參與者的戲劇參與動機。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-100。 
  2. 高峰騑(2015)。羽球運動參與者休閒涉入與幸福感之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2015。1-81。 
  3. 鄭俊賓(2011)。國中生特定運動涉入及認同形成對運動參與和觀賞意願的影響。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-78。
  4. 蘇旭恬(2012)。中華電信Hichannel網路運動頻道觀賞者使用動機、滿意度及運動涉入之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-125。
  5. 馮廣正(2016)。網路新聞媒體之議題設定、閱聽眾認知與觀賽意願-以林書豪報導為例。中山大學行銷傳播管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-98。
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