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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 215 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方紹威。1990。幾丁質與幾丁聚醣在廢水處理、生化、食品和醫藥上之研究發展現況。藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報8: 20-30。
  2. 王佩瑾。1998。香菇太空包堆肥抑制胡瓜猝倒病菌的特性。國立中興大學植物病理學系碩士論文。台中,台灣。
  3. 朱祐生。2003。幾丁聚醣抑制細菌生長之機轉。臺北醫學大學生物醫學材料研究所碩士論文。台北,台灣。
  4. 林玫秀。2001。靈芝子實體殘渣衍生物的抗菌活性之研究。台北醫學院醫學研究所碩士論文。台北,台灣。
  5. 黃文哲、李洪潮。1991。丁醇生產菌Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum 生長抑制物質之研究。中國農業化學會誌29: 318-327。
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