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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文甫、王釧如、黃耀庭(2010)。心理衡鑑之外-談阿茲海默氏病患者的評估,19:70-75。
  2. 王珊瑜(2007)。台北市小型安養護機構老人認知功能之探討:簡易幟能狀態良表(MMSE)之運用。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學社會科學院社會工作學研究所,台北市。
  3. 王秀文(2008)。老人自覺健康狀況、日常活動能力與憂鬱傾向之研究。未出版之碩士論文,亞洲大學,台中縣。
  4. 李宗派(2005)。失智症之安全照顧。台灣老人保健學刊,1(1),8-40。
  5. 巫瑩慧、湯麗玉、陳達夫、邱銘章(2007)失智症亞太地區盛行報告,  16:183-187。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏淑華(2011)。精神科住院病人跌倒之相關因素探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-69。
  2. 吳巧蕙(2011)。台灣地區老年人認知功能與醫療利用情形之探討。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-58。
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