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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江季蓁、駱麗華(2002),心診斷白血病兒童住院期間主要照顧者之生活品質,
  2. 李麗香(1995),慢性病患主要照顧者的生活品質及其相關因素之探討,國立陽明大學社區護理研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 林麗英、余幸澄、張碧華(2001)。血液腫瘤病患家屬生活品質之探討。榮總護理,18(3),281-292。
  4. 姚開屏、王榮德、林茂榮、林淑文、施富金、曹昭懿、游正芬、黃景祥、劉鳳、鍾智文(2000)。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第二版)。臺北:臺灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質發展小組。
  5. 姚開屏(2002),台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用,台彎醫學,6(3),193-200。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳利秋(2012)。探討復原力對極低出生體重早產兒孩童及其母親健康狀態之影響。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-167。 
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