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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志嘉、楊奕華、邱泰源、羅慶徽、陳聲平(2003)。安寧緩和條例有關「不施行,以及終止或撤除心肺復甦術之法律觀點」。臺灣家醫誌,13(3),101-108。
  2. 王英偉(2009)。安寧緩和醫療條例。臺北:財團法人中華民國(台灣)安寧照顧基金會。
  3. 李慧菁、趙可式(2003)。末期病患向醫師要求安樂死的原因。安寧療護雜誌,8(4),393-401。
  4. 胡文郁、曾建寧、王浴、翁瑞萱(2004)。護理系學生接受安寧緩和醫療臨床實習教育介入之成效。安寧療護,9(1),1-20。
  5. 孫嘉玲、王秀香、陳佩英、郭素青、黃美瑜、宋梅生(2005)。安寧療護課程對護生死亡恐懼與態度之影響。安寧療護雜誌,9(4),353-365。
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