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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曲天尚、李碧霞、鄭綺(2009) ‧中年停經婦女的運動階段、知覺運動利益和障礙之探討‧新臺北護理期刊,11(1),7-18。
  2. 何忠鋒、 胡雲雯(2006) ‧身體活動量對停經婦女骨密度的影響‧運動休閒餐 旅研究,1(2),151-164。
  3. 林艷君、張 媚、陳雅美、黃璉華(2010) ‧社區慢性病老人身體活動狀況與性別差異研究‧護理研究,18(2),88-97。
  4. 胡立仕(2002)‧老年人運動行為之研究‧未發表碩士論文,台北:國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所。
  5. 徐錦興、曹德弘、張蕙雯(2011) ‧第二類型糖尿病人之身體活動建議量初探‧台灣衛誌,30(1),72-81。
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