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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱永蕙、鍾政偉(2005)。策略聯盟所營造的觀光意象對遊客態度影響之研究。餐旅暨家政學刊,2(3),353-368。
  2. 何郁如、湯秋玲(1989)。墾丁國家公園住宿服務現況之研究。戶外遊憩研究,2(1),51-62。
  3. 沈進成、周君妍(2006)。整合行銷傳播、旅遊意象、知名度、滿意度對忠誠度關係之研究─以古坑華山為例。運動與遊憩研究,1(1),1-24。
  4. 沈進成、楊安琪(2006)。旅遊體驗、旅遊意象、滿意度及忠誠度影響關係之研究-以台糖鳥樹林園區為例。生物與休閒事業研究,4(1),1-21。
  5. 沈進成、廖若岑、周君妍(2005)。休閒體驗模組及遊客意象關係之研究─以華山咖啡為例。戶外遊憩研究,18(3),59-79。
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