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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳竹湞(2005)。高齡者古蹟旅遊體驗之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳明隆(2003)。統計應用學習實務。臺北:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  3. 杜殷瑢(2009)。臺南古蹟遊客旅遊動機、滿意度與認同度關係之研究。臺灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林佑蓉(2008)。國際觀光旅館國人住宿需求彈性不對稱之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林建煌(2002)。消費者行為。臺北:智勝文化。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江其芳(2012)。應用空間型構法則探討都市鄰里設施之研究。朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-128。
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