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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王彬如,(1996),遊憩體驗歷程之探討分析—以環島鐵路花蓮兩日遊為例,中國文化大學觀光事業研究所所未出版之碩士論文。
  2. 2. 王士維、范世平,(2005),中國大陸出境旅遊政策,秀威資訊科技股份有限公司,臺北。
  3. 5. 中華人民共和國國務院臺灣辦公室,(2009),兩岸交流與往來。
  4. 14. 吳慶桓、張玉明、林怡秀、謝孟蓉,(2008),大陸旅客來臺觀光重遊意願分析-從權益保障認知觀點,嘉南學報,34,857-871。
  5. 15. 李皇照、陳郁方,2004,「國內旅遊市場消費者特性分析」,生物與休閒事業研究,1卷1期:51~64。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 章綺霞(2014)。以ZMET探討文化地景如何形塑旅遊目的地意象─以八卦山國家風景區為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-212。
  2. 陳佩珍(2014)。陸客來臺自由行旅遊動機、旅遊阻礙、目的地意象與行為意圖之研究。高雄餐旅大學運輸與休閒服務規劃碩士學位學程學位論文。2014。1-177。
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