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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今、苗迺芳、陳鳳音、 張玉梅、陳靜敏(2009)。台灣社區老人的健康行為及其相關因素研究。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌。29,73-94。
  2. 李蘭(1991)。健康行為的概念與研究。中華衛誌,10(5),199-207。
  3. 李蘭、黃美維、陸玓玲、潘怜燕、李隆安、鄧肖琳 (1995) 。台灣地區成人的健康行為探討:分佈情形、因素結構和相關因素。中華公共衛生雜誌。10(5),199-207。
  4. 林梅香、徐秀琹(2004)。中年期的健康照護:健康教育之策略‧護理雜誌,51(1),25-29。
  5. 林耀盛、吳英璋(1999)。慢性病的個人控制觀:自主與依賴之間。應用心理研究, 3,105-128。
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