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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 黃秋玲、陳淑芬、唐善美、戴研光,「探討糖尿病患者衛生教育介入措施前後之成效」,福爾摩莎醫務管理雜誌, 第2卷第1期,28 ~35頁,2006年6月。
  2. [2] 林燕如、孫嘉玲、謝湘俐,「血液透析病患需求之衛生教育」,臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌 ,第6卷第1期,37~45頁,2007年6月。
  3. [3] 許佩蓉、張俊喜、陳瑋、羅慶徽,「老人健康促進與衛生教育」,台灣老人保健學刊,Vol.2, No.2,105~111頁,2006年。
  4. [4] 柴惠敏、胡名霞、吳英黛、鄭百副、曹昭懿,社區中老年人「預防跌倒」衛教課程之成效,物理治療雜誌,第 33卷第3期,175~181頁,2008年6月。
  5. [5] 張淑卿,「國家與兒童健康:1950-60年代臺灣國民學校的衛生教育」,國史館館刊,第二十四期,89~138頁,2010年6月。
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