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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.方怡堯(2002)。溫泉遊客遊憩涉入與遊憩體驗關係之研究-以北投溫泉為例。國立台灣師範大學運動休閒與管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 6.余嬪(1998)。學習社會與休閒教育。台北市:中華民國成人教育學會。
  3. 11.周秀華(2002)。深度休閒者學習經驗之研究。未出版之碩士論文。高雄市:國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所。
  4. 12.林又瑾、李英弘、葉源鎰(2004)。認真性休閒與休閒阻礙關係之研究:以高爾夫運動者為例。戶外遊憩研究,17(3),51-79
  5. 13.林佳蓉(1990)。老人的休閒參與對休閒滿意和生活滿意之影響。大專體育,51期,156-162頁。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊御祥(2014)。自行車休閒活動者認真休閒、流暢體驗與休閒滿意度之研究。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2014。1-95。 
  2. 陳郡妤(2012)。休閒活動參與、休閒阻礙與幸福感關係之研究-以臺中市營造業勞工為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2012。1-134。
  3. 湯斯凱(2015)。飛盤運動參與者參與動機、涉入程度對流暢體驗之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-125。
  4. 李秋菊(2015)。羽球運動者之休閒動機、涉入與滿意度之關係 -以雲林地區為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-91。
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