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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bu ston rin chen grub. 2000. “CHos ’byung gsung rab rin po che’i gter mdzod.” gsung ’bum/ rin chen grub (zhol par khang). TBRC W1934. lHa sa: ZHol par khang. 24: 619 - 1042. (《布頓全書》ya函)
  2. 胡進杉(1996)。〈藏文《聲明要領二卷》(sGra sbyor bam bo gnyis pa)之研究〉。《國立政治大學民族學報》22。頁169-185。
  3. 高明道(1993)。〈「頻申欠呿」略考〉。《中華佛學學報》第六期。頁129-185。
  4. 萬金川(1996)。〈《俱舍論世間品》所記有關「緣起」一詞的詞義對論──以漢譯兩本的譯文比對與檢討為中心〉。《佛學研究中心學報》1。頁1–30。
  5. 廖本聖、顙凌格西著(2003)。〈《現觀莊嚴論》綱要書──《八事七十義》之譯注研究〉。《中華佛學學報》16。頁347-399。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉祐齊(2010)。私立大專院校經營績效評估: Panel Tobit 模型之應用。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2010。1-73。
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