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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張薰榕、史麗珠、邱孟君、沈昱名、林雪蓉(2012).台灣健保總額預算期間臨床護理人員的工作感受及工作壓力.中華職業醫學雜誌,19(1),18-30。
  2. 連如玉、熊道芬(2007).病歷記錄的新衣—廢棄背膠的妙用.榮總護理,24(1),86-91。
  3. 鄒怡真、紀美滿、廖秋月、陳玉枝(2008).某醫學中心實施護理創意制度成效之探討.榮總護理,25(1),44-52。
  4. 葉燕芬、周千又、廖秋月(2007).眼部液氣體交換手術後病人趴臥舒適滿意度之改善專案.榮總護理,24(2),138 -150。
  5. 廖淑貞、張文忠(2011).從知識經濟談護理創新之成果應用.護理雜誌,58(4),93-98。doi:10.6224/JN.58.4.93
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃靜敏(Ching-Min Huang);王淑娟(Shu-Chuan Wang);蔡曉雯(Hsiao-Wen Tsai);蘇佩真(Pei-Chen Su)(2018)。運用模擬教學改善中心導管組合式照護正確率。高雄護理雜誌。35(3)。48-60。 
  2. 連心瑜(2016)。社區整合式篩檢世代之創新擴散研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-109。 
  3. 陳玫君(Mei-Chun CHEN);李碧娥(Bih-O LEE);張素嫺(Su-Hsien CHANG)(2018)。愛的(ATDE)創造思考教學模式於護理創新作品教學之應用。護理雜誌。65(6)。20-25。 
  4. 陳姿廷(2016)。創新教學介入腫瘤病房護理人員 對人工血管照護之學習成效研究: K n o w l e s 成人教育學模型之介入。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-127。
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