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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李 逸(2004).公共衛生護理人員工作壓力感受、因應 策略與壓力結果之探討以互動型工作壓力模式為架 構.台灣公共衛生雜誌,23(5),398-405。[Lee, I. (2004). Work stress; coping strategies, and consequences among public health nurses- Based on an interactive model. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 23(5), 398- 405.]
  2. 李穎俐、徐少慧、黃升苗(2008).降低護理部人力招募 工時之專案.志為護理—慈濟護理雜誌,7(1),94 -106。[Lee, Y. L., Shu, S. H., & Huang, S. M. (2007). Increasing the efficiency of nursing recruitment. Tzu Chi Nursing Journal, 7(1), 94- 106.]
  3. 林佳靜、曾翠華、蕭淑貞、王淑怡、盧美秀、鍾聿琳 (2008).臺灣護理教育專業人才培育的現況.醫護科 技學刊,10(3),145-158。[Lin, C. C., Tseng, T. H., Shiau, S. J., Wang, S. Y., Lu, M. S., & Chung, U. L. (2008). Nursing education for professional manpower in Taiwan: 2002-2006. The Journal of Health Sciences, 10(3), 145- 158.]
  4. 高靖秋(2011).台灣護理人力面面觀.澄清醫護管理雜誌, 7(3),41-46。[Kao, C. C. (2011). Multi-aspects of nursing manpower in Taiwan. Cheng Ching Medical Journal, 7(3), 41- 46.]
  5. 張慧蘭、盧美秀、林秋芬(2010).應屆畢業新進護理人員 離職相關因素之探討.醫護科技學刊,12(3),161- 172。[Chang, H. L., Lu, M. S., & Lin, C. F. (2010). Factors related to new nursing staff turnover rates. The Journal of Health Sciences, 12(3), 161- 172.]
Times Cited ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙可欽(2015)。護理人員育嬰假後轉職決策之探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-128。 
  2. 林純如(2014)。醫院照顧服務員之角色知覺、角色期待、角色實踐與照護品質相關性之探討。臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所學位論文。2014。1-118。 
  3. 楊佩瑄(Pei-Hsuan Yang);陳美杏(Mei-hsing Chen);陳麗琴(Lih-Chin Chen);林淑媛(Shu-Yuan, Lin)(2019)。醫學中心護理人員工作負荷感受及留任意願之相關因素探討。高雄護理雜誌。36(1)。1-11。 
  4. 林呈蓁(2014)。診所護理人員執業處境之探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  5. 喬麗華(2017)。醫療機構護理人員留任意願之研究─以某宗教醫院為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-160。 
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