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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方 莉、明 勇、游文瓊(2006).外科病房交班內容完整性之改善專案.護理雜誌,53(3),52–59。[Fang, L., Ming, Y., & Yu, W. C. (2006). A project to improve the completeness of nursing shift reports in the surgical ward. The Journal of Nursing, 53(3), 52–59.] doi:10.6224/JN.53.3.52
  2. 行政院政務顧問建言(2011).醫院有錢僱請不到護理人員,護理人員荒問題嚴重.取自 [Executive Yuan, Taiwan, ROC. (2011). Medical facilities and registered medical personnel. Retrieved from]
  3. 何雪華、劉佩芬、胡曉珍、黃素菲、陳小蓮(2010).新進護理人員角色轉換與工作適應歷程之質性研究.護理雜誌,57(6),31–41。[Ho, H. H., Liu, P. F., Hu, H. C., Huang, S. F., & Chen, H. L. (2010). Role transition and working adaption in new nursing graduates: A qualitative study. The Journal of Nursing, 57(6), 31–41.] doi:10.6224/JN.57.6.31
  4. 馮月香、李秀珍、方茂守(2009).精神科急性病房護理人員延遲下班改善案.護理雜誌,56(6),47–54。[Feng, Y. H., Li, H. C., & Fang, M. S. (2009). A project to ameliorate nurses working overtime in psychiatry ward. The Journal of Nursing, 56(6), 47–54.] doi:10.6224/JN.56.6.47
  5. 馮明珠、陳幼梅、吳玲琨、吳鈴珠(2011).三個月內新進護理人員感受護理臨床工作之壓力與因應經驗.護理暨健康照護研究,7(2),98–107。[Feng, M. C., Chen, Y. M., Wu, L. K., & Wu, L. C. (2011). Perceived stress and coping strategies of newly graduated nurses. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 7(2), 98–107.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.7.2.98
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林婉如(Wan-Ju Lin);杜姝莼(Shu-Chun Tu);陳乃菁(Nai-Ching Chen);黃惠滿(Hui-Man Huang)(2022)。提升急診護理人員執行ISBAR交、接班之完整率。高雄護理雜誌。39(1)。30-41。 
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