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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國考選部(2014).近11年(90–100年)專技護理人員考試報考與及格人數說明.取自 [Ministry of Examination, Taiwan, ROC. (2014). Specialized nursing examinations: Registration and passing numbers over the past 11 years (2001 - 2011). Retrieved from]
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2014).中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會第九屆第二次會員代表大會新聞稿.取自 [Taiwan Union of Nurses Association. (2014) Press release for the second members’ congress of the ninth plenary session of the Taiwan Union of Nurses Association. Retrieved from]
  3. 王瑜欣、簡淑慧、范君瑜、周守民(2013).談最後一哩與新進護理人員臨床教育之銜接.護理雜誌,60(3),5–10。[Wang, Y. H., Jane, S. W., Fan, J. Y., & Chou, S. M. (2013). Implementing the “last mile” program in new nurse clinical education. The Journal of Nursing, 60(3), 5–10.]
  4. 吳秀麗、吳美淑、黃惠君、劉力算、林美華(2009).降低新進護理人員離職率之方案.安泰醫護雜誌,15(3),165–176。[Wu, S. L., Wu, M. S., Huang, H. C., Liuo, L. S., & Lin, M. H. (2009). Program to reduce the turnover rate of new nursing staff. T.S.M.H. Medical & Nursing Journal, 15(3), 165–176.]
  5. 李 逸(2004).公共衛生護理人員工作壓力感受、因應策略與壓力結果之探討—以互動型工作壓力模式為架構.台灣公共衛生雜誌,23(5),398–405。[Lee, I. (2004). Work stress, coping strategies, and consequences among public health nurses - Based on an interactive model. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 23(5), 398–405.]
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