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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳諭、王維芳、張瑩如(2011).實證護理培訓課程對護理人員實證護理知識、態度及行為之成效探討.新臺北護理期刊,13(1),19–31。[Lee, C. Y., Wang, W. F., & Chang, Y. J. (2011). The effects of evidence-based nursing training program on nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and behavior. New Taipei Journal of Nursing, 13(1), 19–31.]
  2. 李皎正(1992).護理臨床教學特質之因素分析.護理雜誌,39(2),101–103。[Lee-Hsieh, J. (1992). Factor analysis of the nursing clinical teaching characteristics. The Journal of Nursing, 39(2), 101–103.]
  3. 李皎正、鍾聿琳(2012).談護理臨床教育.護理雜誌,59(5),5–9。[Lee-Hsieh, J., & Chung, U. L. (2012). Clinical nursing education. The Journal of Nursing, 59(5), 5–9.]
  4. 林佳慧、陳玉如、蔣立琦(2013).應用跨專業領域團隊之實證醫療促進臨床病人安全及照護品質.榮總護理,30(2),121–129。[Lin, C. H., Chen, Y. J., & Chiang, L. C. (2013). Establish trans-disciplinary EBP model to increase health quality and safety. VGH Nursing, 30(2), 121–129.]
  5. 林郁汶、陳玉枝、高毓秀(2012).護理臨床教師自覺教學效能之探討—以北部某醫學中心為例.護理暨健康照護研究,8(1),70–79。[Lin, Y. W., Chen, Y. C., & Kao, Y. H. (2012). Effect of self-evaluation on teaching efficacy in clinical nursing preceptors: An example of a medical center in Northern Taiwan. Journal of Nursing and Heathlcare Research, 8(1), 70–79.
Times Cited ( 11 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李弘毅(2009)。國民小學學童資訊能力之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-169。 
  2. 陳治遠(2011)。國民小學推動教師參與專業發展評鑑之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學傳播科技研究所學位論文。2011。1-176。 
  3. 陳俊龍(2009)。教師評鑑試辦政策下的教師專業成長之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-190。 
  4. 楊惠玲(Hui-Ling YANG);陳雅惠(Ya-Huei CHEN);劉惠娟(Hui-Chuan LIU);黃惠美(Hui-Mei HUANG);劉淑芳(Shu-Fang LIU)(2019)。提升某內科加護病房護理人員N3能力進階比率。護理雜誌。66(3)。92-99。 
  5. 洪莉欣(2006)。從自我導向學習觀探討初任教師專業成長之研究-以國民小學初任教師為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-114。
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