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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹裕君、鄒慧韞、張淑容、顧治湄(1999).醫院基層護理人員臨床專業能力進階制度推展計畫報告.護理雜誌,46(6),5–8。[Yin, Y. C., Tzou, H. Y., Chang, S. R., & Koo, Z. M. (1999). The report of clinical ladder system for nurses program in hospital. The Journal of Nursing, 46(6), 5–8.]
  2. 利怡慧、林伶黛、蔡菁菁、周嫚君、林梅香(2012).N3護理人員參加臨床能力進階制度意願之相關影響因素.護理雜誌,59(1),41–50。[Li, Y. H., Lin, L. D., Tsai, C. C., Chou, M. C., & Lin, M. H. (2012). Factors of influence on willingness to participate in the N3 nursing clinical ladder program. The Journal of Nursing, 59(1), 41–50.]
  3. 張文英、王憲華、紀淑靜、陳麗芳、顧艷秋、尹裕君、台灣護理學會護理行政委員會(2007).台灣護理學會2004年與2005年護理專案審查結果之回顧與分析.護理雜誌,54(2),29–37。[Chang, W. Y., Wang, S. H., Chi, S. C., Chen, L. F., Ku, Y. C., Yin, Y. C., & the Nursing Administration Commitee of TWNA. (2007). Retrospective review and analysis of the results of Taiwan Nurses Association nursing projects from 2004 to 2005. The Journal of Nursing, 54(2), 29–37.]
  4. 陳繪竹、李金德、林淑媛(2009).進階護理人員自評護理能力之探討.醫護科技期刊,11(2),87–97。[Chen, H. Z., Lee, K. T., & Lin, S. Y. (2009). Self-assessment nursing competence among different levels of nurses in a clinical ladder program. The Journal of Health Sciences, 11(2), 87–97.]
  5. 黃雅燕、吳秀雲、張思潔、李雅雯(2011).提昇外科病房護理人員學術能力之改善專案.嘉基護理,11(1),15–23。[Huang, Y. Y., Wu, H. Y., Chang, S. C., & Li, Y. W. (2011). A project to improve the nursing staff aca­demic competence. Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chiayi Christian Hospital Journal of Nursing, 11(1), 15–23.]
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊惠玲(Hui-Ling YANG);陳雅惠(Ya-Huei CHEN);劉惠娟(Hui-Chuan LIU);黃惠美(Hui-Mei HUANG);劉淑芳(Shu-Fang LIU)(2019)。提升某內科加護病房護理人員N3能力進階比率。護理雜誌。66(3)。92-99。 
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