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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯慧貞、黃耿妍、李毅達、莊麗珍(1996).貝氏憂鬱量表應用於國人周產期憂鬱症篩選之適用性.中華公共衛生雜誌,15(3),208–219。[Ko, H. C., Huang, K. Y., Lee, Y. D., & Chuang, L. C. (1996). Beck depression inventory as a screening toot for pre-and postpartum depression among Chinese women. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 15(3), 208–219.]
  2. 洪曉琪、陳虹汶、張義芳、楊育正、劉建良、謝瑞坤…方俊凱(2010).癌症病人失志量表中文版之信效度檢測.內科學誌,21(6),427–435。[Hung, H. C., Chen, H. W., Chang, Y. F., Yang, Y. C., Liu, C. L., Hsieh, R. K., ... Fang, C. K. (2010). Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the mandarin version of demoralization scale for cancer patients. Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan, 21(6), 427–435.]
  3. 蘇清菁、陳玉敏(2009).無望感之概念分析.長庚護理,20(4),456–462。[Su, C. C., & Chen, Y. M. (2009). Concept analysis of hopelessness. Chang Gung Nursing, 20(4), 456–462.]
  4. Ladwing, G. B., & Ackley, B. J.(2011).護理診斷手冊第三版(李佳芸、林慧蓁、黃賢賢、蔡金英譯).台北市:愛思唯爾。(原著出版於2010) [Ladwing, G. B., & Ackley, B. J. (2011). Mosby’s guide to nursing diagnosis, 3rd ed. (C. Y. Li, H. C. Lin, S. S. Huang, & C. Y. Tsai, Trans.). Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: Elsevier. (Original work published 2010)]
  5. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-Ⅳ). Washington, DC: Author.
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉美玲(Mei-Ling LIU);蕭雅竹(Ya-Chu HSIAO)(2019)。末期病人失志對靈性安適之影響。護理雜誌。66(1)。48-59。 
  2. 薛惠文(2016)。乳癌患者睡眠困擾對心理幸福感的影響:以失志為中介。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2016。1-96。
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