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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王 偉、王培席、周新明、劉 彥、張宏晨(2010).護士疲勞程度與工作壓力源的相關性分析.衛生研究,39(1),76–78。[Wang, W., Wang, P. X., Zhou, X. M., Liu, Y., & Zhang, H. C. (2010). Correlation analysis between fatigue and job stressors of nurses. Journal of Hygiene Research, 39(1), 76–78.]
  2. 王 霞、金文波、張紅瑾(2013).臨床護士慢性疲勞綜合征原因分析及應對措施.鄭州大學學報(醫學版),5,713–715。[Wang, X., Jin, W. B., & Zhang, H. J. (2013). Cause analysis and countermeasures of chronic fatigue syndrome in clinical nurses. Journal of Zhengzhou University (Medical Sciences), 5, 713–715.]
  3. 李志新、劉兆煒(2007).職業緊張與健康的研究現狀.預防醫學情報雜誌,23(3),301–303。[Li, Z. X., & Liu, Z. W. (2007). The current research about the status of occupational stress and health. Journal of Preventive Medicine Information, 23(3), 301–303.]
  4. 周 莉、陳 靜(2014).輪值夜班低年資護士焦慮及社會支持狀況的調查研究.中國實用護理雜誌,30,216–217。[Zhou, L., & Chen, J. (2014). Investigating the anxiety and social support among low qualification shift-work nurses. Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing, 30, 216–217.]
  5. 洪瑜嬬、林佩蓁、潘純媚、陳秋蓉、何啟功、吳明蒼(2007).護理人員的輪班工作與睡眠品質、身心健康及家庭功能之間的相關性.勞工安全衛生研究季刊,15(1),17–30。[Hung, Y. J., Lin, P. C., Pan, S. M., Chen, C. J., Ho, C. K., & Wu, M. T. (2007). Association of shift-time schedule with sleep quality, bio-psychological health, and family function among Taiwanese nurses. Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 15(1), 17–30.]
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王莉婷(2017)。8小時與12小時輪班制度中護理人員疲勞與睡眠之相關性研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-83。 
  2. 沈郁惠(Yu-Hui SHEN);蕭雅竹(Ya-Chu HSIAO);李銘宗(Ming-Tsung LEE);謝嘉琪(Chia-Chi HSIEH);葉淑惠(Shu-Hui YEH)(2018)。加護病房護理人員的靈性健康狀態、靈性照顧行為及其相關因素。護理雜誌。65(6)。67-77。 
  3. 許凱琳(2016)。某醫院護理人員疲勞與工作表現及環境之研究。中山醫學大學職業安全衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-122。
  4. 王若涵(2016)。護理人員情緒感染、復原力與工作壓力之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-72。
  5. 李宜芳(2016)。女性護理人員職場疲勞探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-78。
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