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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何慧菁、張淑惠、曹瑞雲、張梅芳、陳永煌、楊 燦(2010).醫院員工工作壓力與身心健康之相關研究.中華職業醫學雜誌,17(4),239–252。[Ho, H. C., Chang, S. H., Tsao, J. Y., Chang, M. F., Chen, Y. H., & Yang, T. (2010). The relationship between job stress and physical-mental health among hospital staff. Chinese Journal of Occupational Medicine, 17(4), 239–252.]
  2. 余玉如、洪淑文、吳羿寬、蔡麗娟、王惠美、林綽娟(2008).雲嘉地區醫院護理人員工作滿意與生活品質之探討.護理雜誌,55(2),29–38。[Yu, Y. J., Hung, S. W., Wu, Y. K., Tsai, L. C., & Wang, H. M., & Lin, C. J. (2008). Job satisfaction and quality of life among hospital nurses in the Yunlin-Chiayi area. The Journal of Nursing, 55(2), 29–38.] doi:10.6224/JN.55.2.29
  3. 李和惠、林麗秋、胡月娟、黃玉琪、吳碧雲、蕭思美…柯薰貴(2012).內外科護理學(四版).台北市:華杏。[Lee, H. H., Lin, L. C., Hwu, Y. J., Huang, Y. C., Wu, P. Y., Hsiao, S. M., ... Ko, H. K. (2012). Medical-surgical nursing (4th ed.). Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: Farseeing.]
  4. 李碧霞、張 文、蔡仁貞、林美良、高靖邱、陳小蓮、鄭 綺(2005).護理人員體適能及健康相關生活品質之研究.新臺北護理期刊,7(1),53–63。[Lee, P. H., Chang, W., Tsai, J. C., Lin, M. L., Kao, C. C., Chen, H. L., & Jeng, C. (2005). A study of physical fitness and health-related quality of life among nursing staff. New Taipei Journal of Nursing, 7(1), 53–63.] doi:10.6540/NTJN.2005.1.006
  5. 姚開屏(2002).台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用.台灣醫學,6(3),193–200。[Yao, K. P. (2002). Development and applications of the WHOQOL-Taiwan version. Formosan Journal of Medicine, 6(3), 193–200.] doi:10.6320/FJM.2002.6(2).09
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳慧(2016)。工作壓力、職場疲勞及病人安全關係 -以台中區醫院護理人員為例。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-107。
  2. 李瓊娥(2017)。護理人員生活品質調查。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-30。
  3. 陳國鳳(2017)。醫療機構資淺護理人員生活品質相關因素探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-40。
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