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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱麗美、郭姵伶、曾淑芬(2011).長期血液透析患者之身體功能狀況及其相關因素探討—以南部某地區醫院為例.嘉南學報,37,388–402。[Jhu, L. M., Kuo, P. L., & Tseng, S. F. (2011). Exploring the determinants of physical performance function status among long-term hemodialysis patients in region hospital of Southern Taiwan. Chin-Nan Annual Bulletin, 37, 388–402.]
  2. 李偵碧、黃彩薇、吳麗芬、陳夏蓮(2013).長期血液透析病患健康生活品質相關因素之探討.護理暨健康照護研究,9(3),173–181。[Li, C. P., Huang, T. W., Wu, L. F., & Chen, S. L. (2013). Factors affecting health-related quality of life in regular hemodialysis patients. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 9(3), 173–181.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.09.3.173
  3. 邱郁耘、林淑緩、張淑琴、李玲玲(2015).社區老年人運動持續性之影響因素.護理暨健康照護研究,11(1),43–52。[Chiu, Y. Y., Lin, S. S., Chang, S. C., & Lee, L. L. (2015). Predictors of exercise maintenance behaviour in community-dwelling older people. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 11(1), 43–52.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.11.1.43
  4. 陳乃榕、方文熙(2013).血液透析患者休閒與體能活動參與之初探.臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,12(4),9–24。[Chen, N. J., & Fang, D. (2013). The exploratory study on recreation activity and physical activity of hemodialysis patients. Journal of Taiwan Nephrology Nurses Association, 12(4), 9–24.]
  5. 曾旭民、盧瑞芬、蔡益堅(2003).國人生活品質評量(II):SF-36台灣版的常模與效度檢測.台灣公共衛生雜誌,22(6),512–518。[Tseng, H. M., Lu, J. F., & Tsai, Y. J. (2003). Assessment of Health-related Quality of Life in Taiwan (II): Norming and validation of SF-36 Taiwan version. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 22(6), 512–518.] doi:10.6288/TJPH2003-22-06-10
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃馨頤(Hsin-Yi Huang);王美華(Mei-Hua Wang);葉美玲(Mei-Ling Yeh)(2018)。下肢運動與呼吸調節改善血液透析病人負向情緒之成效。榮總護理。35(2)。126-135。 
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