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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王守玉、Windsor, C.、Yates, P.(2012).簡介紮根理論研究法.護理雜誌,59(1),91–95。[Wang, S. Y., Windsor, C., & Yates, P. (2012). Introduction to grounded theory. The Journal of Nursing, 59(1), 91–95.] doi:10.6224/JN.59.1.90
  2. 吳美芳、劉雪娥(2007).腦中風病患發病時的自我覺察與尋求醫療處置方式之探討.長庚護理,18(2),177–187。[Wu, M. F., & Liu, H. E. (2007). Preliminary study of self-awareness and medical management seeking behaviors of stroke patient at onset. Chang Gung Nursing, 18(2), 177–187.]
  3. 呂冠逸、黃翠媛(2014).運用Mishel不確定感理論於初次中風個案之護理經驗.長庚護理,25(2),223–230。[Luang, K. Y., & Huang, T. Y. (2014). The application of Mishel's uncertainty theory in nursing experience for a first stroke patient. Chang Gung Nursing, 25(2), 223–230.] doi:10.3966/102673012014062502010
  4. 李月萍、陳玉敏(2005).適應之概念分析.長庚護理,18(3),352–358。[Li, Y. P., & Chen, Y. M. (2005). Adaptation: A concept analysis. Chang Gung Nursing Journal, 18(3), 352–358.]
  5. 周雅璉、王錦雲、周寶鈺(2010).協助一位初次罹患腦中風病人之護理經驗.新臺北護理期刊,12(2),111–120。[Chou, Y. L., Wang, C. Y., & Chou, P. Y. (2010). The nursing care experience of a patient who suffered from a first stroke. New Taipei Journal of Nursing, 12(2), 111–120.] doi:10.6540/NTJN.2010.2.012
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃郁晴(Yu-Ching Huang);辜漢章(Han-Chang Ku)(2021)。一位急性腦中風病人復健治療之照護經驗。高雄護理雜誌。38(3)。87-99。 
  2. 涂琬甄(Wan-Chen Tu);蔡素華(Su-Hua Tsai);林佩昭(Pei-Chao Lin);張錦雀(Chin-Chueh Chang)(2019)。一位腦部動靜脈畸形破裂出血病人之護理經驗。高雄護理雜誌。36(2)。109-119。 
  3. 林彥宇(Yan-Yu Lin);葉美杞(Mei-Chi Yeh)(2018)。一位出血性腦中風病人急性後期之護理經驗。高雄護理雜誌。35(2)。129-140。 
  4. 王惠萍(Hui-Ping WANG);楊建中(Chien-Chung YANG);徐秀琹(Hsiu-Chin HSU)(2018)。中風復原期病人復原力及其相關因素之探討。護理雜誌。65(5)。56-67。 
  5. 劉靜芳(Ching-Fang Liu);凃懿如(I-Ju Tu)(2021)。運用Swanson關懷理論於首次腦中風致無望感婦女之急診照護經驗。榮總護理。38(1)。71-77。 
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