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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今(2009).台灣社區老人的社會支持改變、健康狀況改變與社會參與之縱貫性研究(未發表的碩士論文).臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系。[Wang, K. C. (2009). A longitutinal study for the influence among the change of social support, change of health status, and social participation on the community-dwelling elderly in Taiwan (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, ROC.]
  2. 王涵儀、楊哲銘、邱文達、陳正怡、郭家英(2006).都會區集體住宅50歲以上居民之健康需求.北市醫學雜誌,3(7),702–712。[Wang, H. I., Yang, C. M., Chiu, W. T., Chen, C. I., & Kuo, C. Y. (2006). Healthcare needs of individuals older than 50 years residing in urban government-built collective dwellings. Taipei City Medical Journal, 3(7), 702–712.] doi:10.6200/TCMJ.2006.3.7.07
  3. 史麗珠、蔡玉霞、鄭學慧、涂慧慈、林琴玲、薛敏生…藍旻暉(2008).高血壓控制的飲食衛教活動在都會原住民部落之成效.臺灣營養學會雜誌,33(3),97–107。[See, L. C., Tsai, Y. H., Jeng, S. H., Tu, H. T., Lin, C. L., Hsueh, M. S., ... Lan, M. H. (2008). The effectiveness of a dietary education program for hypertension control among urban aborigines. Nutritional Sciences Journal, 33(3), 97–107.]
  4. 吳沄蓁、趙淑員(2010).社區獨居老人的健康需求、需求滿意度及影響因素探討—以彰化縣某鄉鎮為例.弘光學報,36,44–64。[Wu, Y. C., & Chao, S. Y. (2010). Health needs, needs satisfaction and correlated factors among elderly people living alone in community. Bulletin on Hungkuang Institute of Technology, 36, 44–64.]
  5. 吳麗芬(2007).周全性老人評估與護理.護理雜誌,54(6),61–66。[Wu, L. F. (2007). Comprehensive geriatric assessment and nursing practice. The Journal of Nursing, 54(6), 61–66.] doi:10.6224/JN.54.6.61
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張益誌(2017)。高雄市某行政區健康評估之研究。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-68。
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