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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂如分(2005).中風病患主要照顧者生活品質及其相關因素之探討.長期照護雜誌,9(2),152–170。[Lu, J. F. (2005). The quality of life and related factors in primary caregivers of stroke’s patients. The Journal of Long-Term Care, 9(2), 152–170.]
  2. 林儀貞、陳清惠、顏妙芬(2012).慢性病失能老人整體性照護需求探討.長庚護理,23(3),300–312。[Lin, Y. C., Chen, C. H., & Yen, M. F. (2012). Exploring the care needs of disabled elders with chronic conditions. Chang Gung Nursing, 23(3), 300–312.]
  3. 邱萱宸(2009).肺癌病患主要照顧者照護需求及其相關因素探討(未發表的碩士論文).臺北市:國立臺灣大學護理學研究所。[Chiou, S. C. (2009). Care needs and its correlates in primary caregivers of lung cancer patients (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Taiwan University, Taipei City, ROC.]
  4. 許玉真、葉淑惠(2007).腦瘤患者手術前焦慮之照護.長庚護理,18(3),379–386。[Hsu, Y. C., & Yeh, S. H. (2007). Caring for preoperative anxiety of patients with brain tumor. Chang Gung Nursing, 18(3), 379–386.]
  5. 張碧華、林麗英、楊克平、陳品玲(2001).癌症病患家屬需求及其影響因素探討.榮總護理,18(4),416–428。[Chang, P. H., Lin, L. Y., Yang, K. P., & Chen, P. L. (2001). A study of needs and its influential factors among families of cancer patients. VGH Nursing, 18(4), 416–428.] doi:10.6142/VGHN.18.4.416
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊昭華,李芷宜(2018)。癌症病人主要照顧者照顧負荷之論述。彰化護理,25(3),12-19。
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