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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪暐傑、莊佳惠、吳美儀、楊宜青、吳晉祥、林季緯(2015).家庭醫師全人醫療照護模式應用於居家照護.台灣家庭醫學雜誌,25(4),271–278。[Hung, W. C., Chuang, C. H., Wu, M. Y., Yang, Y. C., Wu, J. S., & Lin, C. W. (2015). The holistic health care model of family medicine: Its applications in home health care. Taiwan Journal of Family Medicine, 25(4), 271–278.]
  2. 黃喬煜、徐愫萱、孫文榮、李易翰、翁瑞萱、吳孟嬪…黃勝堅(2017).提升「死亡識能」―推廣在宅善終的高價值照護.北市醫學雜誌,14(3),269–278。[Huang, C. Y., Hsu, S. H., Sun, W. J., Lee, Y. H., Ueng, R. S., Wu, M. P., ... Huang, S. J. (2017). Promoting death literacy - A high value health care for good death at home. Taipei City Medical Journal, 14(3), 269–278.]
  3. 董英義(1985).彰化基督教醫院的居家照護.護理雜誌,32(4),9–12。[Tong, E. I. (1985). Home health care program at Changhua Christian Hospital. The Journal of Nursing, 32(4), 9–12.]
  4. 董英義(1988).彰化基督教醫院與居家照護.護理薪傳,3(3),165–171。[Tong, E. I. (1988). Changhua Christian Hospital and home health care. Nursing Retrospect & Prospect Bimonthly, 3(3), 165–171.]
  5. 衛生福利部(2014).102年老人狀況調查報告.台北市:作者。[Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan, ROC. (2014). Report of the senior citizen condition survey at 2013. Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: Author.]
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉芊葳(Chien-Wei LIU);洪志秀(Chich-Hsiu HUNG);楊婉萍(Wan-Ping YANG)(2019)。居家安寧療護的挑戰-在宅善終。護理雜誌。66(6)。74-81。 
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