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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2012,6月3日).職場霸凌面面觀.取自 [Bureau of Employment and Vocational Training, Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan. (2012, June 3). Workplace bullying. Retrieved from]
  2. 何清治、張睿欣、洪錦墩(2016).中部某區域教學醫院職場霸凌之研究.澄清醫護管理雜誌,12(2),39–48。[Ho, C. C., Chang J. H., & Hung, C. T. (2016). A study on workplace bullying in a regional teaching hospital in central Taiwan. Cheng Ching Medical Journal, 12(2), 39–48.]
  3. 李 選、白香菊、顏文娟(2010).台灣護理人員職場暴力經驗及其相關因素研究.護理雜誌,57(2),61–69。[Lee, S., Pai, H. S., & Yen, W. J. (2010). Nurse violence in the workplace: A study of experiences and related factors in Taiwan. The Journal of Nursing, 57(2), 61–69.]
  4. 李偉強、簡淑芬、陳玉枝、黃東波、李建賢、李壽東(2008).中文版病人安全態度問卷信效度分析.台灣公共衛生雜誌,27(3),214–222。[Lee, W. C., Chien, S. F., Chen, Y. C., Huang, T. P., Lee, C. H., & Lee, S. D. (2008). Validation study of the Chinese safety attitude questionnaire in Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 27(3), 214–222.]
  5. 馬淑清、王秀紅、陳季員(2011).職場霸凌的概念分析.護理雜誌,58(4),81–86。[Ma, S. C., Wang, H. H., & Chen, J. Y. (2011). Concept analysis of workplace bullying. The Journal of Nursing, 58(4), 81–86.]
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝雪女(Hsueh-Nu Hsieh);翁欣蓉(Hsin-Yung Wong);莊昭華(Chao-Hua Chuang)(2020)。以文獻回顧方式探討醫療職場暴力之預防。彰化護理。27(1)。29-39。 
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