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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈志中(2013).論護病關係中之同理心、傳移與愛.源遠護理,7(1),16–22。[Shen, C. C. (2013). Discussing empathy, transference and love in the nurse-patient relationship. Yuan-Yuan Nursing, 7(1), 16–22.]
  2. 許于仁、楊美娟(2016).運用數位化桌遊探討理性情緒信念、同理心與情緒決策風格之關係.教育傳播與科技研究,115,59–72。[Hsu, Y. J., & Yang, M. C. (2016). Through rational emotive discuss empathy and emotional decision-making style relation on digital board game. Research of Educational Communications and Technology, 115, 59–72.]
  3. 童麗錡、張麗君(2017).情境模擬訓練對護理人員同理心之成效.台灣擬真醫學教育期刊,41(1),12–23。[Tung, L. C., & Chang, L. C. (2017). Effect of scenario-based simulation training on nurse empathy. Journal of Taiwan Simulation Society in Healthcare, 41(1), 12–23.]
  4. 趙梅如、鍾思嘉(2004).觀點取替故事同理心量表的發展.中華輔導學報,15,39–60。[Chao, M. R., & Chung, S. K. (2004). The development of the scale of empathy on perspective-taking stories. Chinese Annual Report of Guidance and Counseling, 15, 39–60.]
  5. 鄭榮峰、賴育民、Hanoch Livneh、蔡宗益(2011).傑佛遜同理心量表-醫護人員版之中文化及信效度檢定.護理雜誌,58(2),41–48。[Cheng, J. F., Lai, Y. M., Livneh, H., & Tsai, T. Y. (2011). Establishing reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Jefferson scale of empathy (healthcare providers version). The Journal of Nursing, 58(2), 41–48.]
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林小玲(Shirling Lin);明金蓮(Jin-Lain Ming);張靜怡(Ching-I Chang);佘美桂(Mei-Kuei She);蕭世美(Shih-Mei Hsiao);詹雅惠(Ya-Hui Chian);施月玲(Yueh-Ling Shih)(2019)。建構醫學中心護理臨床教師教學評量表之研究。榮總護理。36(2)。112-123。 
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