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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑珍、李亭亭、劉介宇、高千惠、郭明娟(2015).產婦對無線射頻系統應用於親子同室之接受度研究.護理暨健康照護研究,11(1),74–83。[Wang, S. C., Lee, T. T., Liu, C. Y., Kao, C. H., & Kuo, M. C. (2015). A study on the acceptance by postpartum women of the RFID system applied during rooming-in care. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 11(1), 74–83.]
  2. 林小娟、周子昌、許淳森、李隆熙、邱睿昇、張毓仁(2010).JCI評鑑與病歷紀錄品質.病歷資訊管理,10(1),1–11。[Lin, H. C., Chou, T. C., Hsu, C. S., Li, L. H., Chiu, C. S., & Chang, Y. J. (2010). Joint commission international accreditation and quality of medical records. Journal of Medical and Health Information Management, 10(1), 1–11.]
  3. 林佳慧、陳玉如、蔣立琦(2013).應用跨專業領域團隊之實證醫療促進臨床病人安全及照護品質.榮總護理,30(2),121–129。[Lin, C. H., Chen, Y. J., & Chiang, L. C. (2013). Establish trans-disciplinary EBP model to increase health quality and safety. VGH Nursing, 30(2), 121–129.]
  4. 侯宜菁、游惠珠、陳建民、吳榮軒、藍敏方、黃月嬌(2010).護理評估資訊系統使用前後對護理紀錄時間及紀錄品質成效之探討.源遠護理,4(1),11–20。[Hou, I. C., Yu, H. C., Chang, J., Wu, J. H., Lan, M. F., & Huang, Y. J. (2010). The study of nursing record effectiveness before and after implementing nursing assessment information systems. Yuan-Yuan Nursing, 4(1), 11–20.]
  5. 范姜玉珍、楊慧貞(2012).共創同心圓-探討護理同仁與醫療團隊的合作.志為護理—慈濟護理雜誌,11(2),16–19。[Fanchiang, Y. C., & Yang, H. C. (2012). To create a circle of the same center: How do nurses think about teamwork and their exploration to inspire best team efforts. Tzu Chi Nursing Journal, 11(2), 16–19.]
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳莉雅(Li-Ya CHEN);孫郁菁(Yu-Ching SUN);鄭靜如(Ching-Ru CHENG);潘美連(Mei-Lien PAN);劉介宇(Chieh-Yu LIU);邱淑芬(Shwu-Fen CHIOU)(2022)。以資訊系統成功模式評值護理人員使用疼痛照護系統之成效。護理雜誌。69(1)。63-72。 
  2. 鄭茜如(Chien-Ju Cheng);李亭亭(Ting-Ting Lee);劉介宇(Chieh-Yu Liu);陳孝範(Shiaw-Fan Chen)(2020)。資訊護理紀錄系統導入之使用者評值探討。榮總護理。37(3)。268-278。 
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