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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳永乾(2004)。美國法所稱「真正惡意法則」之研究。中正法學期刊,15,39-80。
  2. 林鈺雄(2003)。誹謗罪之實體要件與訴訟證明—兼評大法官釋字第509號解釋。台大法學論叢,32(2),77+93-94。
  3. Alexander Meiklejohn, Free Speech and Its Relation to Self-Government(1948)
  4. Richard Tofel, Private Affairs and Public People: The Next Horizon, LEGAL TIMES, Sept. 8, 1986, at 17, col. 1.
  5. Amponsah, Peter N.(2004).Libel Law Political Criticism, and Defamation of Public Figures.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝懿安(2015)。新聞自由vs.名譽權-從民事名譽侵權案件看媒體過失責任與合理查證之標準。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2015。1-182。 
  2. 俞百羽(2014)。言論自由與名譽權之折衝-釋字第 509 號之重構。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-111。 
  3. 包喬凡(2013)。公眾人物隱私權與新聞自由-以我國民事判決為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-144。 
  4. 陳宗佑(2011)。侵害名譽權民事法律責任─從釋字第509號解釋合理查證義務、真實惡意原則適用最高法院民事裁判分析。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-247。
  5. 葉偉立(2016)。論侵害名譽權之不法性。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-234。
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