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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. IUCN. 1996. Resolutions and recommendations. Paper presented at World Conservation Congress, Montreal, Canada. (last accessed 14 February 2003).
  2. 司馬庫斯部落 [Smangus community] 2009。當上帝的部落遇到國家 [Dang shang di de bu luo yu dao guo jia] (擷取日期:2009.04.04)。
  3. 行政院農業委員會 [Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan] 2007。新竹縣尖石鄉玉峰村及秀巒村原住民族採取森林產物作業要點 [Xin zhu xian jian shi xiang yu feng cun ji xiu luan cun yuan zhu min zu cai qu sen lin chan wu zuo ye yao dian; Regulations for indigenous traditional harvesting of forest products in Yufeng and Siouluan villages, Jianshin Township, Hsinchu County, Taiwan] 。 a1%e5%8f%96%e6%a3%ae%e6%9e%97%e7%94%a2%e7%89%a9%e4%bd%9c%e6%a5%ad%e8%a 6%81%e9%bb%9e&StyleType=1 (擷取日期:2011.04.20)。
  4. 泰雅族馬里光、基那吉傳統領域聯盟 [Alliance of Tayal Mrqwang and Mrqwang Communities] 2008。泰雅族馬里光與基那吉傳統領域守護管理規範 (中文版) [Tai ya zu ma li guang yu ji na ji chuan tong ling yu shou hu guan li gui fan (zhong wen ban); Gaga na mlahang rhyal qyunam Tayal Mrqwang ru Mrqwang (Chinese Version) ]。
  5. 行政院原住民族委員會 [Council of Indigenous Peoples, Executive Yuan] 2007。新竹縣尖石鄉原住民保留地各類保育用地及公共設施用地統計表、新竹縣尖石鄉原住民保留地非都市土地編定使用類別統計表、新竹縣尖石鄉原住民保留地各類管理機關概況統計表[Ge lei bao yu yong di ji gong gong she shi yong di tong ji biao, fei du shi tu di bian ding shi yong lei bie tong ji biao, ge lei guan li ji guan gai kuang tong ji biao of Indigenous Reserved Land in Jianshin Township, Hsinchu County, Taiwan] (未出版資料,資料日期:2007.03.06)。
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳昀蓉(2015)。誰來參與共管─巴壟部落、都歷部落和望鄉部落的共管經驗。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-128。 
  2. 李明芝(2013)。原住民採取森林產物的文化困境與除罪化研究。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-287。 
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