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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林季平 [Lin, J. P.] 2005。臺灣的人口遷徙及勞工流動問題回顧:1980-2000 [Tai wan de ren kou qian xi ji lao gong liu dong wen ti hui gu: 1980-2000; A critical review of problems associated with population and labor migration in Taiwan, 1980-2000]。臺灣社會學刊[Tai wan she hui xue kan; Taiwanese Sociology] 34: 147-209。
  2. 邱汝娜 [Qiu, R. N.] 2007。臺灣原住民族就業障礙與對策之研究:從社會排除觀點探析[Tai wan yuan zhu min zu jiu ye zhang ai yu dui ce zhi yan jiu: Cong she hui pai chu guan dian ton xi; Employment difficulties of the Taiwan indigenous peoples and its policy solutions: From social exclusion perspective]。國立暨南大學社會政策舉社會工作學系博士論文[Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Social Policy and Social Work, National Chi Na University, Nantou]。
  3. 章英華、林季平 [Zhang, Y. H., and J. P. Lin] 2008。臺北縣原住民族就業及生活狀況調查報告 [Tai pei xian yuan zhu min zu jiu ye ji sheng huo zhuang kuang diao cha bao gao]。臺北[Taipei]:臺北縣政府 原住民族行政局[Tai pei xian zheng fu yuan zhu min zu xing zheng ju; Indigenous people Department, New Taipei City Government],doi: 10.6141/TW-SRDA-C00200-1。
  4. 黃仁德、姜樹翰 [Hwang, J. T., and S. H. Chiang] 1998。臺北市就業變動的經濟基礎分析[Tai pei shi jiu ye bian dong de jing ji ji chu fen xi]。勞資關係論叢 [Lao zi guan xi lun cong] 7: 91-123。
  5. 黃仁德、姜樹翰 [Hwang, J. T., and S. H. Chiang]. 2001。臺北都會區基礎與非基礎就業關係的探討:共整合分析的應用[Tai pei du hui qu ji chu yu fei ji chu jiu ye guan xi de tan tao: Gong zheng he fen xi de ying yong; The study of relationship between basic employment and nonbasic employment in the greater Taipei metropolitan area: An application of cointegration analysis]。都市與計劃 [Du shi yu ji hua; Journal of City and Planning] 28(3): 273-302。
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 松子鈞(2015)。部落、教會與社區間關係網絡變遷之探討 -以五個都市布農長老教會為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2015。1-135。
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