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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳重禮 Wu, Chung-Li(2000)。美國「分立性政府」研究文獻之評析:兼論台灣地區的政治發展 Examination of the Research on Divided Government in America: An Analysis of Political Development in Taiwan。問題與研究 Wenti Yu Yanjiu,39(3)
  2. 徐正戎 Shyu, Jenq-Rong(2001)。「左右共治」憲政體制之初探-兼論法、我兩國之比較 An Initial Study of the 'Cohabitation' Constitutional System: Comparing France with Taiwan。國立臺灣大學法學論叢 National Taiwan University Law Journal,30(1)
  3. 湯德宗 Tang, Dennis Te-Chung(1998)。論九七修憲後的權力分立:憲改工程的另類選擇 On the Separation-of-Powers Structure after the 1997 Constitution Reform: Alternating Presidentialism as an Alternative。國立臺灣大學法學論叢 National Taiwan University Law Journal,27(2)
  4. 湯德宗 Tang, Dennis Te-Chung(1998)。論九七修憲後的權力分立:憲改工程的另類選擇 On the Separation-of-Powers Structure after the 1997 Constitution Reform: Alternating Presidentialism as an Alternative。國立臺灣大學法學論叢 National Taiwan University Law Journal,27(2)
  5. 黃昭元 Hwang, Jau-Yuan(1998)。九七修憲後我國中央政府體制的評估 Comments on Taiwan's Executive: Legislative Relations after 1997 Constitutional Revision。國立臺灣大學法學論叢 National Taiwan University Law Journal,27(2)
Times Cited ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 官晴(2016)。後列寧半總統制政體的憲政轉型與民主表現 外力、經濟、民族主義激蕩下的變奏: 台灣、俄羅斯、蒙古。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-190。 
  2. 許恒禎(2013)。半總統制下不同政府型態之成因─台灣、蒙古、波蘭及其他後列寧民主國家。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-191。 
  3. 楊子慶(2012)。析論我國七次修憲後之憲政體制。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-124。 
  4. 李宜芳(2012)。半總統制下總統權力和國會組成對總理任期之影響。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-104。 
  5. 沈有忠(2009)。德國威瑪共和半總統制憲法的設計、運作與轉出。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2009。1-387。 
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