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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳小娟(1999):三至八歲聽覺障礙兒童語音聽知覺接受力之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,7,51-78。[Chen, H. C. (1999). Mandarin Auditory Speech Perception Capability of Hearing Impaired Children at Ages 3 to 8. Bulletin of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 7, 51-78.]
  2. 陳立芸、劉惠美(2010):學齡期特定型語言障礙兒童聽知覺區辨能力初探。特殊教育研究學刊,35(1),1-18。[Chen, L. Y., & Liu, H. M. (2010). Auditory Processing in School-Aged Children with Specific Language Impairments. Bulletin of Special Education, 35(1), 1-18.]
  3. 陳昱君(2012):學齡前特定型語言障礙兒童新詞學習與音韻處理能力之探究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系研究所博士論文。[Chen, Y. C. (2012). Novel word learning and phonological processing abilities in preschool children with specific language impairment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.]
  4. 陸莉、劉鴻香(1994):修訂畢保德圖畫詞彙測驗。台北:心理。[Lu, L., & Liu, H. H. (1994). Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test - Revise. Taipei, Taiwan: Psychological Publishing.]
  5. 曹峰銘、李菁芸、謝怡欣、邱建業(2009):學齡前兒童塞音及聲調知覺與詞彙發展的關係。台灣聽力語言學會學誌,24,39-58。[Tsao, F. M., Lee, C. Y., Hsieh, Y. H., & Chiu, C. Y. (2009). Assessing Stop and Lexical Tone Perception in Preschool Children and Relationship with Word Development. Journal of the Speech-Language-Hearing Association of Taiwan, 24, 39-58.]
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