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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張國祥(2010):澳門在PISA 2003數學素養測試計劃中學校歸屬感相關議題之詳盡分析。課程與教育季刊,13(1),95-116。[Cheung, K. C. (2010). An indepth analysis of the issue of sense of belonging at school in the PISA 2003 mathematical literacy study. Curriculum & Instruction Quarterly, 13 (1), 95-116.]
  2. 黃惠玲(2008):幼稚園教師運用「同理語言」於師生互動之行動研究。國立台東大學幼兒教育學系研究所碩士論文。[Huang, H.L. (2008). Kindergarten’s teacher use empathic language in the action research of the interaction between teachers and students (Unpublished master’s thesis).National Taitung University, Taitung, Taiwan.]
  3. 澳門教育暨青年局(2012):2010-2011學年澳門離校生簡報。取自教育暨青年局網站:,2013年3月3日。[Education & Youth Affairs Bureau (2012). A report of drop-out students in Macau in 2010-2011.Retrieved from]
  4. 澳門教育暨青年局(2012):2011-2012教育數字概覽。取自教育暨青年局網站:http://portal.dsej.,2012年12月12日。[Education & Youth Affairs Bureau (2012). General Survey of Education in Figures 2011-2012.Retrieved from]
  5. 澳門統計暨普查局(2012):教育統計報告。取自教育暨青年局網站:,2012年12月12日。[Statistics and Census Service (2012). Report of educational statistics.Retrieved from]
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖宗耀、詹俊成、陳素青、林裕恩、林郁偉(2016)。大學體育系學生涯選擇影響因素之研究─以社會認知生涯理論驗證。體育學報,49(3),317-336。
  2. 彭耀平、陳榮政、何希慧(2018)。教師轉換型領導與學生就業力發展之研究:以社會認知生涯理論論述之。教育科學研究期刊,63(1),69-102。
  3. 林蔚芳、吳敏華(2018)。臺北市國小學童學校滿意度影響因子之研究。國教新知,65(1),17-33。
  4. 賴英娟、張楓明、江春鳳(2016)。幼兒教保系學生之社會支持、自我效能、結果預期及興趣對職業意向之影響。中華輔導與諮商學報,45,123-148。
  5. (2019)。正向教育:校本幸福課程的領導。教育研究月刊,298,94-108。
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