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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于佳馨(2009):遊戲團體與班級輔導對「退縮-被拒絕」兒童之同儕接納影響之研究。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商研究所碩士論文。[Yu, J. S. (2009). Counseling effect of play therapy group and the class guidance to withdrawal-rejected children. Unpublished master thesis, National Taipei University of Education, Taipei, Taiwan.]
  2. 趙曉美(2001):自我概念多層面階層結構之驗證暨增進自我概念課程之實驗效果。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所博士論文。[Chao, H. M. (2001). Studies on the verification of multifaceted, hierarchical model of self-concept and the effects of self-concept improvement courses. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, National Taipei Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.]
  3. 詹淑瑗(2002):「完形取向團體方案」對國小害羞兒童輔導效果之分析研究。國立台北師範學院教育心理與輔導學系研究所碩士論文。[Jan, S. Y. (2002). A study of effects of gestalt group program on shy children of elementary school. Unpublished master thesis, National Taipei University of Education, Taipei, Taiwan.]
  4. 蔡雪月(2002):完形取向諮商對兩位退縮兒童改變過程之探討。國立台北師範學院教育心理與輔導學系研究所碩士論文。[Tsai, H. Y. (2002). Research on the changing process of the gestalt approach towards counseling two withdrawn children. Unpublished master thesis, National Taipei University of Education, Taipei, Taiwan.]
  5. 謝曜任、徐西森(2004):完形取向遊戲治療對兒童害羞行為的改變效果研究。高雄師範大學諮商輔導學報,11,1-30。[Hsieh, I. Z., & Shyu, S. S. (2004). A study of behavioral change by using gestalt approach play therapy on shy elementary child. Bulletin of Counseling and Guidance: National Kaohsiung Normal University, 11, 1-30.]
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄒美玲(2014)。臺北市幼(女)童軍活動參與動機與自我概念之相關研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2014。1-196。 
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