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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宴瑛、程炳林(2007):個人目標導向、課室目標結構與自我調整學習策略之潛在改變量分析。教育心理學報,39(2),173-194。[Lin, Y. Y. (2007). The latent change analysis among individual goal orientations, classroom goal structures and self-regulated learning strategies. Bulletin of Educational Psychology, 39 (2), 173-194.]
  2. 施淑慎、曾瓊慧、蔡雅如(2007):國小學童之成就目標、動機與情感中介歷程以及學業成就間路徑模式之檢驗。測驗學刊,54(1),31-58。[Shih, S. S., Tzeng, C. H., & Tsai, Y. R. (2007). Children’s achievement goals, motivational and affective process, and academic achievement: An examination of a meditational model. Psychological Testing, 54(1), 31-58.]
  3. 陳正昌、程炳林、陳新豐、劉子鍵(2005):多變量分析方法:統計軟體應用(四版)。台北:五南。[Chen, J. C., Cherng, B. L., Chen, S. F., & Liu, T. J. (2005). The methods of multivariate analysis: application of statistical software. Taipei, Taiwan: Wu Nan]
  4. 陳秀惠(2010):國中生自我決定動機之發展模式及其相關因素探討。國立成功大學教育研究所碩士論文。[Chen, S. H. (2010). The development model of motivation of self-determination for Junior High School Students and the exploration of its relevant factors (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.]
  5. 程炳林(2003):四向度目標導向模式之研究。師大學報:教育類,48(1),15-40。[Cherng, B. L. (2003). Study of the model of 4 dimensions goal orientation. Journal of Taiwan Normal University: Education, 48(1), 15-40.]
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊楹蕿(2017)。影響臺灣八年級學生數學學習成就因素之多層次模型分析。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2017。1-138。 
  2. 陳曉筠(2016)。偏鄉國小學童學習視野之調查研究-以屏東地區為例。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2016。1-114。
  3. 蔡淑名(2016)。偏鄉學童「開展學習視野創意行動方案」之實驗研究。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2016。1-107。
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