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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Clark, R. N., Stankey, G. H.(1979).The recreation opportunity spectrum: A framework for planning, Management, and Research.USDA Forest Service.
  2. Driver, B. L., Tocher, S. R.(1970).Toward a behavioral interpretation of recreational of planning, Elements of Outdoor Recreation Planning.The University of Michigan Press.
  3. Lawer, E. E.(1973).Motivation and work organization.California:Brook/ Cole Publishing.
  4. Long, D. E.(1979).The Hajj Today: A survey of the contemporary makkah pilgrimage.Albany NY:State University of New York Press.
  5. Morinism, E. A.(1984).Pilgrimage in the Hindu Tradition: A case study of West Bengal.Delhi:Oxford University Press.
Times Cited ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾楚璿(2010)。業主組織文化對營建專案績效之影響。交通大學土木工程系所學位論文。2010。1-122。 
  2. 林岳樺(2009)。利用決策試驗與實驗評估法分析業主之專案組織結構與資源配置。交通大學土木工程系所學位論文。2009。1-94。 
  3. 莊寶月(2014)。日本遊客對臺南古蹟的旅遊動機、滿意度與重遊意願之研究。長榮大學應用日語學系(所) 學位論文。2014。1-97。 
  4. 邱宗德(2015)。廟宇文化創意加值商品之研究-以溪口鄉天臺殿玉皇大帝神祇為例。虎尾科技大學多媒體設計研究所學位論文。2015。1-70。 
  5. 洪倍榕(2015)。比較澎湖淡季觀光不同動機遊客對行銷策略之認同。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2015。1-82。 
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