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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁子城(2011)。建成環境對青少年身體活動之影響-台北市南港區國中學生之實 證研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北大學都市計劃研究所,台北。 Ting, T. C. (2011). The influences of built environment on adolescents’ physical activities: An empirical study of junior high school students in Taipei Nangang District. Unpublished master's thesis, Graduate Institute of Urban Planning, National Taipei University, Taipei.
  2. 行政院主計總處(2010)。運輸統計,下載日期:2010/10/15,取自http://www. Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan. (2010). Transportation Statistics, Retrieved October 15, 2010, from
  3. 李坤昇(2007)。運用新都市主義手法進行新營糖廠工業區之更新規劃設計。未出 版之碩士論文,國立成功大學都市計畫研究所,台南。 Lee, K. S. (2007). The urban renewal of Sinying Sugar Industrial District-Based on new urbanism method. Unpublished master's thesis, Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan.
  4. 林楨家、張孝德(2008)。建成環境影響兒童通學方式與運具選擇之研究:臺北市 文山區國小兒童之實證分析。運輸計劃季刊,37 (3),331-362。 Lin, J. J., & Chang, H. T. (2008). Built environment impacts on children's school travel: Empirical analysis of elementary school students in Taipei Wenshan District. Transportation Planning Journal, 37(3), 331-362.
  5. 張新立、沈依潔(2005)。民眾步行行為意向之研究—以台北市民為例。運輸學 刊,17 (3),233-260。 Chang, H. L., & Shen, Y. C. (2005). People's intention to walk-A case study for Taipei citizens. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Transportation, 17(3), 233-260.
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余支萬(2007)。台灣信用卡逾期放款的決定因子---以C商業銀行為例。淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-117。 
  2. 畢璐鑾(Lu-Luan Pi);王煜鈞(Yu-Chun Wang);郭芳坤(Fang-Kun Kuo)(2021)。健走旅遊參與者認真休閒對再遊意願之影響─以幸福感為中介效果。臺灣體育運動管理學報。21(2)。283-307。 
  3. 翁珮怡(2014)。都會區支持性環境對居民從事活動及其健康之影響。臺灣大學園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2014。1-159。 
  4. 林政源(2017)。鄰里環境對中高齡者之社會參與和生活品質之影響探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-133。
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