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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇澳港貨物吞吐量統計圖表。
  2. Banker, R. D.,Charnes, A.,Cooper, W. W.(1984).Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiency in Data Envelopment Analysis.Management Science,30(9),1078-1092.
  3. Charnes, A.,Clark, C. T.,Cooper, W. W.,Golany, B.(1985).A Developmental Study of Data Envelopment Analysis in Measuring the Efficiency of Maintenance Units in the U.S. Air Force.Annals of Operations Research,2,95-112.
  4. Charnes, A.,Cooper, W. W.,Rhodes, E.(1978).Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units.European Journal of Operational Research,2,429-444.
  5. Charnes, A.,Cooper, W. W.,Rhodes, E.(1979).Short Communication: Measuring the Efficiency of Decision-making Units.European of Operational Research,3(4),339.
Times Cited ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麒安(2014)。國際貨櫃港埠之經營績效及環境效率 評估與分析。交通大學運輸與物流管理學系學位論文。2014。1-70。 
  2. 林伶潔(2009)。以資料包絡法與隨機邊界分析法評估亞洲地區二十大港埠之貨櫃經營效率。交通大學運輸科技與管理學系學位論文。2009。1-86。 
  3. 方雪齡(2009)。利用資料包絡分析法評估第三方物流中心之經營績效。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2009。1-102。 
  4. 葉怡均(2015)。基隆港關鍵服務效能評估之研究。長榮大學航運管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-58。 
  5. 顏嘉見(2014)。應用DEA分析臺灣港務股份有限公司經營績效之研究-以高雄分公司為例。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-61。 
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