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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜佳靜(2006)。品格教育的寧靜革命。品質月刊,42(12),22-24。
  2. 林昭溶(2005)。技職體系青少年中期的親子關係(一):內涵之探討。應用心理研究,25,213-248。
  3. 陳黃秀蓮、吳明隆(2007)。技職校院學生生活壓力、生命意義與自殺意念之研究。正修通識教育學報,4,219-248。
  4. 黃健夫(2008)。當前我國高等技職教育發展問題之探討。嶺東通識教育研究學刊,2(3),13-26。
  5. Andersson-Ellstrom, A.,Forssman, L.,Milsom, I.(1996).The relationship between knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases and actual sexual behavior in a group of teenage girls.Genitourinary Medicine,72(1),32-36.
Times Cited ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃瀚輝(2014)。露營活動參與者之認真休閒特質、心流體驗、價值觀對心理幸福感的影響。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2014。1-119。 
  2. 蔡馨沂(2012)。偶像崇拜在青少年同儕關係與自尊、歸屬需求之間的角色。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-147。 
  3. 李明峻(2012)。大學生生涯需求之探討—以北部普通大學職輔中心之服務為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-180。 
  4. 何品聖(2015)。以Maslow需求理論比較急診護理人員需求與滿足度之差異。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-122。 
  5. 顏碧琦(2014)。屏東縣國小教師兼任行政職務意願及其影響因素之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-146。 
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