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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴惠敏(1999)。檔案介紹:清代〈內閣題本刑科婚姻命案類〉。近代中國婦女史研究,7,163-168。
  2. 戴舒庵 1662–1722 《天臺治略》。臺北:中央研究院歷史語言研究所藏文字資料,清康熙間刊承德堂重刷本。(Dai, Shu-an, 1662-1722, Tian Tai Zhi Lüe [Records of Administration in Tian Tai]. Taipei: Institute of History & Philology, Academia Sinica. Qing Kang-xi Chengdetang Chongshuaben.)
  3. 不著撰人 1820 《湖南省例成案》。臺北:中央研究院歷史語言研究所藏文字資料,據日本東京大學東洋文化研究所刊本影印。(n.d., 1820, Hunan Provincial Statutes with Case Precedents. Taipei: Institute of History & Philology, Academia Sinica. Version in the Possession of Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, University of Tokyo.)。
  4. 不著撰人 1993 〈清代巴縣縣署•嘉慶朝(1796–1820)司法類〉。臺北中央研究院近代史研究所藏微縮資料,四川:四川省檔案館。(n.d., 1993, “Ba County Archive, Selected for Jiaqing Period (1796–1820),” Taipei: Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica. Sichuan: Sichuan Provincial Archives.)。
  5. 不著撰人 1999 〈內閣漢文題本刑科命案類•婚姻姦情專題〉。臺北中央研究院近代史研究所藏縮影資料,北京第一歷史檔案館攝製。(n.d., 1999, “Routine Memorials to the Ministry of Justice Homicide Reports Related to Disputes over Marriage and Illicit Sex [Neige Xingke Tiben, Hunyin Jianqing Lei],” Taipei: Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica. Beijing: First Historical Archives.)。
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張孟珠(2017)。「賣某少頭嘴」:從「以妻為貨」現象窺探臺灣底層社會的能動性(從清領到日治初期)。文化研究,25,81-130。
  2. 李麗芳(2020)。罪與罰:由刑科題本析論清代刑案書寫。法制史研究,37,323-355。
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