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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number



人文及社會科學集刊 ; 27卷1期 (2015 / 03 / 01) , P265 - 276


    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張榮富(2009)。婚姻市場對擇偶偏好的影響:以台灣、香港與南韓為比較。思與言:人文與社會科學期刊,47(3),151-193。
    2. 張榮富、唐玉蟬(2009)。逐歲分析男女年齡對擇偶年齡偏好的影響。淡江人文社會學刊,40,115-144。
    3. 張榮富、陳玫瑜(2012)。年齡被接受度的性別差異—以年齡偏好的雙向配對擇偶模式評估。經濟論文叢刊,40(1),119-146。
    4. Martin, Steven P. 2002 “Delayed Marriage and Childbearing: Implications and Measurement of Diverging Trends in Family Timing,” Unpublished Manuscript..
    5. Boase, Jeffrey,Horrigan, John,Wellman, Barry,Rainie, Lee(2006).Pew Internet and American Life ProjectPew Internet and American Life Project,Washington, DC.:Pew Internet and American Life Project.
    Times Cited ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 劉又嘉(2013)。影響未來高齡者生活品質的社會支持網絡。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2013。1-93。 
    2. 郭鈞揚(2015)。臺灣中老年人孝道期望、孝道信念與幸福感受之相關研究。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2015。1-101。 
    3. 李依芹(2010)。護理之家老人的社會支持之探究。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-127。 
    4. 韓玉蘭(2005)。澎湖老人憂鬱症狀及相關因素之探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2005。1-94。 
    5. 蘇育民(2011)。退休與社會資本之相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-85。 
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