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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文羽苹、江東亮(2002)。全民健康保險學術資料庫基本檔的應用經驗。台灣衛誌,21(2),150-155。
  2. 石曜堂、洪永泰、張新儀、劉仁沛、林惠生、張明正、張鳳琴、熊昭、吳聖良(2003)。「國民健康訪問調查」之調查設計、內容、執行方式與樣本人口特性。台灣衛誌,22,419-430。
  3. 許績天、連賢明(2006)。賺得越少,洗得越多?-台灣血液透析治療的誘發性需求探討。經濟論文叢刊
  4. 盧瑞芬、文羽苹(2003)。臺灣醫療服務產業相關資料庫的比較分析。調查與研究,14,113-132。
  5. Birkmeyer, J. D.,Siewers, A. E.,Finlayson, E. V.,Stukel, T. A.,Lucas, F. L.,Batista, I.,Welch, H. G.,Wennberg, D. E.(1999).Hospital volume and surgical mortality in the United States.New England Journal of Medicine,346,1128-1137.
Times Cited ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭鵬(2012)。低收入戶之脫貧行為-以政策、經濟與失業角度分析。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-63。 
  2. 林佳娟(2011)。生育率與經濟因素之關聯性研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-74。 
  3. 張佩文(2016)。國內學名藥製藥廠因應全民健保給付制度之經營策略。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-52。 
  4. 陳宛玲(2009)。藥物經濟學中費用與效能比的不偏估計量之研究與探討。中原大學應用數學研究所學位論文。2009。1-56。 
  5. 蔡秉諺(2010)。台灣慢性腎臟疾病患者盛行率與醫療利用分析-以健保資料庫為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-74。 
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