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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈中華、陳庭萱(2008)。臺灣商業銀行修正呆帳提列後的成本效率實證研究。經濟論文,36(2),221-247。
  2. Hicks, J. (1935), “The theory of monopoly", Econometrica, 3, 1-20.
  3. Al-Muharrami, S.,Matthew, K.,Khabari, Y.(2006).Market structure and competitive conditions in the Arab GCC banking system.Journal of Banking and Finance,30,3487-3501.
  4. Angelini, P.,Cetorelli, N.(2003).The effects of regulatory reform on competition in the banking industry.Journal of Money, Credit and Banking,35,663-684.
  5. Arellano, M.,Bond, S.(1991).Some tests of specification for panel data: Monte Carlo evidence and an application to employment equations.Review of Economic Studies,58,277-297.
Times Cited ( 13 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳佳平(2014)。產業集中度對企業社會責任效果之影響。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-49。 
  2. 賴冠宇(2017)。台灣民營金控子銀行國際化程度與獲利性之實證分析。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-41。 
  3. 吳泓伸(2012)。市場競爭度對台灣銀行業穩定性的影響。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-58。 
  4. 蔡佳靜(2011)。我國會計師產業競爭程度分析。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-56。
  5. 林全朗(2011)。模擬本國銀行業合併對市場競爭度的影響。政治大學金融研究所學位論文。2011。1-49。
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