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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Wang, K. L.,C. C. Weng,M. L. Chang(2001).A Study of Technical Efficiency of Travel Agencies in Taiwan.Asia Pacific Management Review,6(1),73-90.
  2. Andersen, P.,N. C. Petersen(1993).A Procedure for Ranking Efficient Units in Data Envelopment Analysis.Management Science,39(10),1261-1264.
  3. Banker, R. D.,A. Charnes,W. W. Cooper(1984).Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelop Analysis.Management Science,30,1078-1092.
  4. Berg, S. A.,F. R. Forsund,E. S. Jansen(1991).Technical Efficiency of Norweigian Banks: the Non-Parametric Approach to Efficiency Measurement.Journal of Productivity Analysis,2,127-142.
  5. Bergsman, J.(1974).Commercial Policy, Allocative Efficiency, and X-efficiency.Quarterly Journal of Economics,88(3),409-433.
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃煌朝(2007)。產出品質、環境特性與地方法院審理效率。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2007。1-69。
  2. 張凱渟(2007)。台灣地區有線電視系統業者經營效率分析—三階段法之應用。政治大學經濟研究所學位論文。2007。1-94。
  3. 劉瑋婷(2008)。台灣有線電視推動數位化之關鍵成功因素研究。政治大學廣播電視學研究所學位論文。2008。1-118。
  4. 薛月對(2008)。台灣會計師事務所效率之探討-三階段資料包絡分析法之應用。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2008。1-76。
  5. 胡議文(2009)。我國地方稅捐稽徵機關稽徵績效之研究-三階段資料包絡分析法之應用。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2009。1-86。
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