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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 金成隆、林修葳、紀信義(2004)。專利權的價值攸關性:從企業生命週期論析。管理學報,21(2),175-197。
  2. 劉正田(2001)。企業研發支出資本化之會計基礎股票評價。會計評論,33,1-26。
  3. 劉正田(2003)。企業研發投資與淨值市價比現象。風險管理學報,5(2),261-285。
  4. 劉正田(2002)。無形資產、成長機會與股票報酬關係之研究。會計評論,35,1-29。
  5. 劉正田、黃麗樺、林修葳(2004)。企業研發誘因、專利權與經營績效之關係:台灣專利法修訂之影響。中華會計學刊(Taiwan Accounting Review),5(2),97-126。
Times Cited ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張沛淇(2013)。光儲存專利池與創新績效之研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-75。 
  2. 董曉華(2015)。企業風險與企業策略對研發支出之影響。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2015。1-36。 
  3. 呂律(2012)。策略聯盟、文化差異、吸收能耐與創新績效之關聯性研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2012。1-51。 
  4. 黃雅慧(2013)。環境管理對企業經營績效之影響。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-64。 
  5. 陳俐臻(2013)。投資抵減、研發支出對企業經營績效之影響-以電子業為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-73。 
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