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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林欣美(2007)。跨組織策略聯盟之統治機制:交易成本與網路鑲嵌之觀點。管理評論,26(3),25-46。
    2. 洪榮華、陳香如、王玉珍(2005)。公司內部治理機制與公司績效之關係—股權結構與董事會特性的觀點。輔仁管理評論,12(3),23-40。
    3. 張美玲、孫瑞霙、王國樑(2002)。策略聯盟理論基礎再探討—以台灣電子廠商為例。管理評論,21(2),1-26。
    4. 詹雪蘭、李文瑞(2004)。溝通對策略聯盟績效與夥伴間長期合作意願影響之研究。企業管理學報,60,61-84。
    5. 劉韻僖(2006)。臺灣高科技產業高階經營團隊及董事會權力與組織績效關係之研究。交大管理學報,26(1),173-200。
    Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張紹基、翁鶯娟、張紹基、翁鶯娟(2017)。併購與策略聯盟在公司理財文獻之回顧與展望:亞洲市場之研究。臺大管理論叢,27(3),163-214。
    2. 戴怡蕙,曾智揚(2018)。從私有資訊分享觀點探討內部董事薪酬與公司過去績效之關聯性。證券市場發展季刊,30(3),1-40。
    3. 謝存瑞,陳俞如,吳靜怡(2018)。企業國際化、區位選擇與IPO 折價。證券市場發展季刊,30(1),81-119。
    4. 陳計良、陳禹竹、張慧珊、李德冠(2015)。董事會職能與獨立董事角色:從企業競爭策略和獨立董事背景來探討。證券市場發展季刊,27(4),43-80。
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