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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張怡敏(1999)。戰後台灣民間資本積累之探討:以紅糖經營者為例。台灣社會研究季刊,35,119-62。
  2. Acemoglu D.,S. Johnson,J.A. Robinson(2001).The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: an Empirical Investigation.American Economic Review,91(5),1369-1401.
  3. Amsden A.H.=安士敦(1979).Taiwan`s economic history: A case of Etatisme and a challenge to dependency theory.Modern China,5(3),341-80.
  4. Amsden A.H.=安士敦(2001).The Rise of “The Rest”: Challenges to the West from Late-Industrializing Economies.
  5. Bian M. L.(2005).The Making of the State Enterprise System in Modern China.
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 夏傳位(2015)。台灣的新自由主義轉向:發展型國家的變異與挑戰。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-234。 
  2. 廖彥豪(2013)。臺灣戰後空間治理危機的歷史根源:重探農地與市地改革(1945─1954)。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2013。1-358。 
  3. 張珈健(2008)。官僚自主性與金融改革表現—台灣金融自由化的歷史制度分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2008。1-208。 
  4. 張國暉(Kuo-Hui Chang)(2013)。國族渴望的巨靈─台灣科技官僚治理的中國脈絡。國家發展研究。12(2)。73-132。 
  5. 彭佳慧(2007)。戰後台灣貿易與外匯管制政策之形成。中央大學產業經濟研究所學位論文。2007。1-125。
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